Blade Runner

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Blade Runner is a 1982 American science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott and starring Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, and Sean Young. The screenplay, written by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples, is loosely based on the novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? by Philip K. Dick.

The film depicts a dystopian Los Angeles in November 2019 in which genetically engineered organic robots called replicants—visually indistinguishable from adult humans—are manufactured by the powerful Tyrell Corporation as well as by other "mega–manufacturers" around the world. Their use on Earth is banned and replicants are exclusively used for dangerous, menial or leisure work on off-world colonies. Replicants who defy the ban and return to Earth are hunted down and "retired" by police special operatives known as "Blade Runners". The plot focuses on a brutal and cunning group of recently escaped replicants hiding in Los Angeles and the burnt out expert Blade Runner, Rick Deckard (Harrison Ford), who reluctantly agrees to take on one more assignment to hunt them down.

Blade Runner initially polarized critics: some were displeased with the pacing, while others enjoyed its thematic complexity. The film performed poorly in North American theaters but has since become a cult film. The film has been hailed for its production design, depicting a "retrofitted" future, and remains a leading example of the neo-noir genre. It brought the work of Philip K. Dick to the attention of Hollywood and several later films were based on his work. Ridley Scott regards Blade Runner as "probably" his most complete and personal film. In 1993 the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

Seven versions of the film have been shown for various markets as a result of controversial changes made by film executives. A rushed Director's Cut was released in 1992 after a strong response to workprint screenings. This, in conjunction with its popularity as a video rental, made it one of the first films released on DVD, resulting in a basic disc with mediocre video and audio quality. In 2007 Warner Bros. released The Final Cut, a 25th anniversary digitally remastered version by Scott in selected theaters, and subsequently on DVD, HD DVD, and Blu-ray Disc.

Accolades

Blade Runner has won and been nominated for the following awards:

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1982 British Society of Cinematographers Best Cinematography Award Jordan Cronenweth Nominated
1982 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award Best Cinematography Jordan Cronenweth Won
1983 BAFTA Film Award Best Cinematography Jordan Cronenweth Won
Best Costume Design Charles Knode & Michael Kaplan Won
Best Production Design/Art Direction Lawrence G. Paull Won
Best Film Editing Terry Rawlings Nominated
Best Make Up Artist Marvin Westmore Nominated
Best Score Vangelis Nominated
Best Sound Peter Pennell, Bud Alper, Graham V. Hartstone, Gerry Humphreys Nominated
Best Special Visual Effects Douglas Trumbull, Richard Yuricich, David Dryer Nominated
1983 Hugo Award Best Dramatic Presentation Blade Runner Won
1983 London Critics Circle Film Awards Special Achievement Award Lawrence G. Paull, Douglas Trumbull, Syd Mead Won
1983 Golden Globes Best Original Score – Motion Picture Vangelis Nominated
1983 Academy Awards Best Art Direction – Set Decoration Lawrence G. PaullDavid L. SnyderLinda DeScenna Nominated
Best Effects, Visual Effects Douglas Trumbull, Richard Yuricich, David Dryer Nominated
1983 Saturn Award Best Science Fiction Film Blade Runner Nominated
Best Director Ridley Scott Nominated
Best Special Effects Douglas Trumbull, Richard Yuricich Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Rutger Hauer Nominated
1983 Fantasporto International Fantasy Film Award Best Film – Ridley Scott Nominated
1993 Fantasporto International Fantasy Film Award Best Film – Ridley Scott (Director's Cut) Nominated
1994 Saturn Award Best Genre Video Release Blade Runner (Director's Cut) Nominated
2008 Saturn Award Best DVD Special Edition Release Blade Runner (5 Disc Ultimate Collector's Edition) Won

Lists of the best films

Recognitions for Blade Runner include:

Year Presenter Title Rank Notes
2010 IGN Top 25 Sci-Fi Movies of All Time 1  
Total Film 100 Greatest Movies of All Time None  
2008 New Scientist All-time favorite science fiction film (readers and staff) 1  
Empire The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time 20  
American Film Institute (AFI) Top 10 Sci-fi Films of All Time 6
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